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|NASB||Mark 16:9 ¶ [Now after He had risen early on the first day of the week, He first appeared to Mary Magdalene, from whom He had cast out seven demons.|
|Mark 16:9 ¶ [Now Jesus, having risen [from death] early on the first day of the week, appeared first to Mary Magdalene, from whom He had cast out seven demons.|
|Subject: Words were ADDED to later manuscripts|
Bible Note: Words were ADDED to later manuscripts that WERE NOT IN earlier manuscripts.
"One of the rules of textual criticism is that a shorter reading is preferable to a longer reading."
"Another rule of textual criticism is that a more difficult reading is to be preferred to a less difficult one."
'An additional factor that contributed to the reliability and accuracy of the Greek text was advancement in the art of textual criticism itself. While this important subject can be complicated, its basic aim is quite straightforward. It is important to remember that the original manuscripts of the biblical books, technically called the autographa, have not survived, and the copies made from these original documents contain readings, called variants, that do not always agree with one another. The goal of textual criticism is to formulate and apply rules that enable an editor to select the variant reading to achieve the most accurate text.
'An illustration of the application of these rules of textual criticism may aid us in understanding what an editor does. For example, one of the rules of textual criticism is that a shorter reading is preferable to a longer reading. THE REASON FOR THIS RULE IS THAT A SCRIBE WOULD TEND TO ADD WORDS FOR CLARIFICATION OR EXPLANATION RATHER THAN DELETING THEM.'
[Words were ADDED to later manuscripts that WERE NOT IN earlier manuscripts.]
'Another rule of textual criticism is that a more difficult reading is to be preferred to a less difficult one. A SCRIBE WOULD BE TEMPTED TO ADD WORDS OF EXPLANATION that would enable the reader to understand the meaning of a difficult text rather than leaving such a reading unexplained'
['A scribe would be tempted to add words of explanation' to a later manuscript -- words that WERE NOT IN the earlier manuscript. Words added to later manuscripts WERE PUT THERE BY SCRIBES, not by divine inspiration.]
(http://www.solagroup.org/articles/historyofthebible/hotb_0002.html) (Emphasis added).